রবিবার, ২৫ নভেম্বর, ২০১২

Integrate Android With C/C++

When i am working with Augmeted Reality for Android Device,i found a great implementation of C++ in java.Because C++ is best for some work like image processing,image detecting etc.However i suffered a lot when worked with AR because i have no knowledge about integration of C/C++ with java.
Now i am sharing this topic

Firstly We must set up our environment for do the work.As a android developer one must install following feature.
  1. JDK
  2. Eclipse IDE
  3. Android SDK Downloader
  4. Android ADT
  5. Android SDK platform support
But if we work with C/C++ we must set following two
  1. Cygwin Environment
  2. Android NDK
Note that set environment carefully because without proper installtion it's doesn't work.

Cygwin Environment  Setup:


For Cygwin Environment  Go to http://www.cygwin.com/setup.exe and select "Install from the Internet!" when prompted at "Choose A Download Source" in the installer. I recommend not changing the Root Directory in the next window, and leaving it at "C:\cygwin". The "Local Package Directory" holds the downloaded packages. You may want to keep them with the downloaded Setup.exe in the same directory so as to have a Cygwin installer directory. Choose a download site with a known fast connection near you.


When the package information is downloaded you will see a hierarchical browser to select packages. Select the following package from the hierarchy for download:

All -> Devel -> "make: The GNU version of the 'make' utility"

Select the word "skip" to change it to the actual version number, which is currently 3.81-2. Finish the installation by clicking next.

Your Cygwin environment is fully set-up to work with the avobe topic. Now we set  windows path variable to point to "C:\cygwin\bin". by Computer(Righ Click) -> Properties -> Advance System Setting ->  Environment Variable ->  Edit .Then Copy  "C:\cygwin\bin;"  and paste it.


NDK Setup:


The Android NDK is an extension to the Android SDK that lets Android developers build performance-critical parts of their applications in native code. Download the NDK package from

Unzip the archive and copy the contents into a directory. To be consistent with our your previous setup i recommend that you put the contents in the same drive where you put Android SDK and Eclipse. Thus Android SDK and Android NDK share the same parent directory.
Now set the Environment variable as the same as above with   path"C:\Development\Android\android-ndk-r7\"


Now our Environment is set for work.

  1. Lets start with creating a new project in eclipse.There is two important thing for next work and they are Activity Name and Package Name.
  2. We create a new folder in project root directory named jni.
  3. Create a file in jni folder with name hello.c
  4. Copy the following code and paste to it.
    #include<string.h>
    #include<jni.h>

    JNIEXPORT
    jstring JNICALL

    Java_com_integratingstuff_jni_Hello_getString
    (JNIEnv* env, jobject thiz){


    return (*env)->NewStringUTF(env, "String Come From C");
    }
  1. Now Look at the code.Red mark text indicate your package name and change it to your project package name.Green mark text indicate the Activity name and change it to your activity name and blue color text is function name that will be called later.Orange color text is the return type of this function.                                                                                                              
  2. Create another file in jni folder with name Android.mk.Copy the following code and paste to it.
    LOCAL_PATH := $(call my-dir)
    include

    $(CLEAR_VARS)

    # Here we give our module name and source file(s)
    LOCAL_MODULE := hello
    LOCAL_SRC_FILES := hello.c


    include

    $(BUILD_SHARED_LIBRARY)

  3. Create another file in jni folder with name Application.mk.Copy the following code and paste to it.
    APP_ABI := armeabi armeabi-v7a
  4. Open your layout from res folder and paste following code to it.
    <

    RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent" >

    <TextView
    android:id="@+id/text1"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
    android:layout_centerVertical="true"
    android:text="" />

    </
    RelativeLayout>
  5. Now open your Activity.java file in src folder.Copy the following code and paste to it.
    package com.integratingstuff.jni;
    importa ndroid.os.Bundle;

    import android.app.Activity;

    import android.util.Log;
    import android.view.Menu ;
    import android.widget.TextView;
    import android.widget.Toast;
    public
    class Hello extends Activity {
    TextView t;
    public native String getString();

    static {
    System.loadLibrary(
    "hello-jni");
    }
  6. @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {

    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.
    activity_hello);
    String s = getString();
    Log.e("Text Asce-------------------", s);
    t = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.text1);
    t.setText(s);
    Toast.makeText(Hello.
    this, s, Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
    }

    }





    Now Run Cygwin.exe.And goto the directory where the project reside.If your project reside in "D:\Sample"
    then write following command on Cygwin window and execute

    cd D:/Sample/YOUR_PROJECT_NAME

    Then execute another command "ndk-build" on cygwin window.
    After that Build your project in eclipse and run it on device or emulator.
    Hope output will Come

















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